In developing countries of Asia and Africa, the prevalence of anemia ranges from 45 to 76% and weaning infants, adolescent girls and women of reproductive age (WRA) are at particular risk. The etiology of anemia in Benin is multi-factorial, thereby necessitating interventions to address multiple causes of anemia to achieve the desired results. An operational research study was carried out in Vietnam and Benin as part of a collaboration with CARE and PATH Canada.
The main causes of anemia in Benin include inadequate iron intake, malaria and sickle cell anemia. It is estimated that over 80% of children under the age of five suffer from anemia in Benin.
To evaluate the efficacy of iron pots versus 'Sprinkles' for infants and iron pots versus iron tablets for adolescents and women.
After six months of supplementation with Sprinkles, the prevalence of anemia decreased by 38% and prevalence of iron deficiency anemia decreased by 28% in infants.