Sprinkles Global Health Initiative
Worldwide Programs
Project Name:
Anemia: An in-depth systematic analysis of the prevalence and associated factors in Inuit and First Nations communities in Canada.

Project Category:
Clinical Research

Status of Project:
Start date: December 2001
Status: Completed

Implementing Organization:
Sprinkles Global Health Initiative

Donor/Funding Agency:
Health Canada

Project Coverage:
115 children aged 4-18 months

Organizations Involved:
Organization: Aboriginal Nursing Stations/Hospitals
Type of Organization: Government

Project Description:
Although the diet of Aboriginal Canadians living in Canada was once mainly meat-based, movement away from a traditional diet and lifestyle to a diet based on western foods shipped in from the south with limited variety and high cost has resulted in infant feeding practices that do not provide a good source of bioavailable iron. A cross-sectional design was used in 3 First Nations and Inuit communities in northern Canada to determine the prevalence of anemia and iron deficiency in children 4-18 months old and to systematically examine factors associated with iron/hematologic status.
Project Objectives:
To determine the prevalence of anemia and associated factors in children from Canadian Aboriginal communities.
Key Findings:
  • The prevalence of anemia was 36%; 53% had low iron status.
  • Evaporated/cow's milk consumption, H. Pylori infection and tea drinking were associated with anemia.
  • Meat and formula consumption were associated with adequate iron status.
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